Zekian Language (Varseios ust Zekia)


Reflexive verbs

A class of verbs that denote action performed by one and directed toward oneself. In Zekaisivarsi, transitive verbs used without either direct, indirect, or semidirect objects are considered reflexive; in other words, they have a valency of one.

Forming a reflexive verb

To form a reflexive verb, use a transitive verb with an agent or a patient.

Eya dos ey. He kills him. (This verb is transitive and exaflexive, acting upon another entity.)

Eya dos. He kills himself. (Literally: He kills; reflexive)

Arvi dos eya? Eya. Whom does he kill? Himself. (Who kills he? He.) Another to answer would be eyamei(himself, himsame).

Arvi dos ey? Ey. Who kills him? He himself. (Who kills him? Him.)

Verbs with different meanings when reflexive

Some verbs in Zekaisivarsi undergo changes in denotation when they become reflexive.

Verbs of human relations 
  • ^vwakalj: (transitive) to turn from the right path, to apostatize, to betray; (reflexive) to surrender, submit
  • arachi: (transitive) I trust; (reflexive) I am confident, proud, haughty